Clinton Richard Dawkins, FRS, FRSL (26 March 1941 – ?), known as Richard Dawkins, is a British ethologist, evolutionary biologist and author. Dawkins is an atheist and humanist, a Vice President of the British Humanist Association and supporter of the Brights movement. He is well known for his criticism of creationism and intelligent design.
– The Selfish Gene (1976) Popularized the gene-centered view of evolution and introduced the term “meme,” a unit for carrying cultural ideas, symbols or practices, which can be transmitted from one mind to another through writing, speech, gestures, rituals or other imitable phenomena. Supporters of the concept regard memes as cultural analogues to genes in that they self-replicate, mutate and respond to selective pressures.
– The Extended Phenotype (1982): Introduced an influential concept into evolutionary biology, that the phenotypic effects of a gene are not necessarily limited to an organism’s body, but can stretch far into the environment, including into the bodies of other organisms.
– The Blind Watchmaker (1986): An argument against the watchmaker analogy, an argument for the existence of a supernatural creator based upon the complexity of living organisms. Dawkins describes evolutionary processes as analogous to a blind watchmaker.
– The God Delusion: Contends that a supernatural creator almost certainly does not exist and that religious faith is a delusion—a fixed false belief.